India First In Science and Technology

India First In Science and Technology
First Hydroelectric Plant
On the Ganganachukki waterfall of the Sivasamudram Falls, Karnataka, built in 1902
First City to have electricity
Banglore, in 1906
First Man in Space
Rakesh Sharma aboard Salyut 7, on April 03, 1984. He was the 138th man in space world-wide.
First Women in Space
Kalpana Chawla aboard Space Shuttle Columbia flight STS-87, on November 19,1997
She was a naturalized United States citizen, and represented the US during the event.
First Test-tube baby
Durga Agarwal, born 1978
First Scienfific Expedition to Antarctica
1981
First Nuclear Reactor
Tarapur, Maharashtra
First Genetically Modified Food Product in India
Bt. Egg Plant Hybrid
First Satellite
Aryabhatta, launched on April 19, 1975
First Satellite dedicated exclusively for educational services
EDUSET
First Successfully Indigenous Launch Vehicle
SLV-3
The first person in the world to land on the moon
Neil A. Armstrong and Edwin E Aldrin Jr of USA (Armstrong was the first to set foot on the moon followed by Aldrin) – July 21, 1969
First man to enter space (or the world’s first cosmonaut)
Yuri Gagarin (Russian)
The first returnable space shuttle
Colombia
The first disabled satellite repaired in space
Solar Max
The first unmanned moon-buggy to explore surface of the moon
Lunokhod-I (Russia)
The first unmanned spaceship to have soft-landed and lifted off from the moon to return to earth.
Luna – 16 (Russia) (Sept. 21, 1970)
The first manned space vehicle to land on the moon
Lunar Exploration Module (LEM) nick named “Eagle”
The first country to send men on the moon
USA
The first to launch earth satellite or “artificial baby moon”
Russia
The first woman cosmonaut of the world
Valentina Tereshkova (Russian)
The first person to float in space
Alexei Lenov (Russian)
The first American astronaut (and second person in the world) to float in space
Edward White
The first country to launch a cosmic space rocket towards moon
USSR
The first space rocket to hit the moon
Lunik-II
The first spaceship in the world to sample moon’s crust
Surveyor-3 (USA)
The first space vehicle to soft-land on Moon
Luna-9 (Russia)
The first space vehicle to orbite the moon
Luna-10 (Russia)
The first space-craft to leave solar system
Pioneer II
The first American manned spaceship to perform crew transfer in space
Apollo-9 (USA)
The first manned spacehip to perform space flight round the moon
Apollo-8 (USA)
First Automatic Exchange installed
Shimla 1913-14
12 channel carrier system introduced
1953
First satellite earth station for domestic communications established at
Secunderabad, A.P. 1980
First optical fibre system for local junction
Pune 1979
First digital microwave junction introduced
1976
First PCM system commissioned  
Mumbai City and Andheri telephone exchanges In 1975
First subscriber trunk dialing route commissioned
Lucknow and Kanpur In 1960
First Underground Metro Railways System
Kolkata 1984
First mobile telephone service started on non-commercial basis
15 August 1995 in Delhi
First Women In Space
Kalpana Chawla
Telegraph service opened to the Public
1854
First wireless telegraph station established
Sagar Islands and Sandheads In 1902

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